• 周五. 12月 9th, 2022

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常用javaScript方法封装

admin

11月 28, 2021

1、输入一个值,返回其数据类型

function type(para){
  return Object.prototype.toString.call(para);
}

2、数组去重

function unique1(arr){
  return [...new Set(arr)];
}

function unique2(arr){
  var obj={};
  return arr.filter(ele=>{
    if(!obj[ele]){
      obj[ele]=true;
      return true;
    }
  })
}

function unique3(arr){
  var result=[];
  arr.forEach(ele=>{
    if(result.indexOf(ele)==-1){
      result.push(ele);
    }
  })
  return result;
}

3、字符串去重

String.prototype.unique=function(){
  var obj={},
        str='',
        len=this.length;
  for(var i=0;i>len;i++){
    if(!obj[this[i]]){
      str+=this[i];
      obj[this[i]]=true;
    }
  }
  return str;
}

//去除连续的字符串
function uniq(str){
  return str.replace(/(w)1+/g,'$1');
}

4、深拷贝,浅拷贝

//深克隆(深克隆不考虑函数)
function deepClone(obj, result) {
    var result = result || {};
    for (var prop in obj) {
        if (obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
            if (typeof obj[prop] == 'object' && obj[prop] !== null) {
                // 引用值(obj/array)且不为null
                if (Object.prototype.toString.call(obj[prop]) == '[object Object]') {
                    // 对象
                    result[prop] = {};
                } else {
                    // 数组
                    result[prop] = [];
                }
                deepClone(obj[prop], result[prop])
    } else {
        // 原始值或func
        result[prop] = obj[prop]
    }
  }
}
return result;
}

// 深浅克隆是针对引用值
function deepClone(target) {
    if (typeof (target) !== 'object') {
        return target;
    }
    var result;
    if (Object.prototype.toString.call(target) == '[object Array]') {
        // 数组
        result = []
    } else {
        // 对象
        result = {};
    }
    for (var prop in target) {
        if (target.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
            result[prop] = deepClone(target[prop])
        }
    }
    return result;
}
// 无法复制函数
var o1 = jsON.parse(jsON.stringify(obj1));

5、reverse底层原理和拓展

//改变原数组
Array.prototype.myReverse=function(){
  var len=this.length;
  for(var i=0;i<len;i++){
    var temp=this[i];
    this[i]=this[len-1-i];
    this[len-1-i]=temp;
  }
  return this;
}

6、圣杯模式的继承

function inherit(Target, Origin){
  function F(){};
  F.prototype=Origin.prototype;
  Target.prototype=new F();
  Target.prorotype.constructor=Target;
  //最终的原型指向
  Target.prop.uber=Origin.prototype;
}

7、找出字符串中第一次出现一次的字母

String.prototype.firstAppear=function(){
  var obj={},
        len=this.length;
  for(var i=0;i<len;i++){
    if(obj[this[i]]){
      obj[this[i]]++;
    }else{
      obj[this[i]]=1;
    }
  }
  for(var prop in obj){
    if(obj[prop]==1){
      return prop;
    }
  }
}

8、找元素的第n级父元素

function parents(ele, n){
  while(ele && n){
    ele=ele.parentElement ? ele.parentElement : ele.parentNode;
    n--;
  }
  return ele;
}

9、返回元素的第n个兄弟节点

function retSibling(e,n){
  while(e && n){
    if(n>0){
      if(e.nextElementSibling){
        e = e.nextElementSibling;
      }else{
        for(e=e.nextSibling; e && e.nodeType !== 1; e=e.nextSibling);
      }
      n--;
    }else{
      if(e.previousElementSibling){
        e=e.previousElementSibling;
      }else{
        for(e=e.previousElementSibling; e && e.nodeType !==1; e=e.previousElementSibling);
      }
      n++;
    }
  }
  return e;
}

10、封装mychildren,解决浏览器的兼容问题

function myChildren(e){
  var children=e.childNodes,
        arr=[],
        len=children.length;
  for(var i=0; i<len; i++){
    if(children[i].nodeType===1){
      arr.push(children[i]);
    }
  }
  return arr;
}

11、判断元素有没有子元素

function hasChildren(e){
  var children=e.childNodes,
        len=children.length;
  for(var i=0;i<len; i++){
    if(children[i].nodeType===1){
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}

12、一个元素插入到另一个元素的后面

Element.prototyp.insertAfter=function(target,elen){
  var nextElen=elen.nextElementSibling;
  if(nextElen==null){
    this.appendChild(target);
  }else{
    this.insertBefore(target,nextElen);
  }
}

13、返回当前的时间(年月日时分秒)

function getDateTime(){
  var date=new Date(),
        year=date.getFullYear(),
        month=date.getMonth()+1,
        day=date.getDate(),
        hour=date.getHours()+1,
        minute=date.getMinutes(),
        second=date.getSeconds();
        month=checkTime(month);
        day=checkTime(day);
        hour=checkTime(hour);
        minute=checkTime(minute);
        second=checkTime(second);
  function checkTime(i){
    if(i<10){
      i="0" +i;
    }
    return i;
  }
  return ""+year+"年"+month+"月"+day+"日"+hour+"时"+minute+"分"+second+"秒";
}

14、活得滚动条滚动距离

function getScrollOffset() {
    if (window.pageXOffset) {
        return {
            x: window.pageXOffset,
            y: window.pageYOffset
        }
    } else {
        return {
            x: document.body.scrollLeft + document.documentElement.scrollLeft,
            y: document.body.scrollTop + document.documentElement.scrollTop
        }
    }
}

15、获取视口的尺寸

function getViewportOffset() {
    if (window.innerWidth) {
        return {
            w: window.innerWidth,
            h: window.innerHeight
        }
    } else {
        // ie8及其以下
        if (document.compatMode === "BackCompat") {
            // 怪异模式
            return {
                w: document.body.clientWidth,
                h: document.body.clientHeight
            }
        } else {
            // 标准模式
            return {
                w: document.documentElement.clientWidth,
                h: document.documentElement.clientHeight
            }
        }
    }
}

16、获取任一元素的任意属性

function getStyle(elem, prop) {
    return window.getComputedStyle ? window.getComputedStyle(elem, null)[prop] : elem.currentStyle[prop]
}

17、绑定事件的兼容代码

function addEvent(elem, type, handle) {
    if (elem.addEventListener) { //非ie和非ie9
        elem.addEventListener(type, handle, false);
    } else if (elem.attachEvent) { //ie6到ie8
        elem.attachEvent('on' + type, function () {
            handle.call(elem);
        })
    } else {
        elem['on' + type] = handle;
    }
}

18、解绑事件

function removeEvent(elem, type, handle) {
    if (elem.removeEventListener) { //非ie和非ie9
        elem.removeEventListener(type, handle, false);
    } else if (elem.detachEvent) { //ie6到ie8
        elem.detachEvent('on' + type, handle);
    } else {
        elem['on' + type] = null;
    }
}

19、取消冒泡的兼容代码

function stopBubble(e) {
    if (e && e.stopPropagation) {
        e.stopPropagation();
    } else {
        window.event.cancelBubble = true;
    }
}

20、检验字符串是否是回文

function isPalina(str) {
    if (Object.prototype.toString.call(str) !== '[object String]') {
        return false;
    }
    var len = str.length;
    for (var i = 0; i < len / 2; i++) {
        if (str[i] != str[len - 1 - i]) {
            return false;
        }
    }
    return true;
}

21、检验字符串是否是回文

function isPalindrome(str) {
    str = str.replace(/W/g, '').toLowerCase();
    console.log(str)
    return (str == str.split('').reverse().join(''))
}

22、兼容getElementsByClassName方法

Element.prototype.getElementsByClassName = Document.prototype.getElementsByClassName = function (_className) {
    var allDomArray = document.getElementsByTagName('*');
    var lastDomArray = [];
    function trimSpace(strClass) {
        var reg = /s+/g;
        return strClass.replace(reg, ' ').trim()
    }
    for (var i = 0; i < allDomArray.length; i++) {
        var classArray = trimSpace(allDomArray[i].className).split(' ');
        for (var j = 0; j < classArray.length; j++) {
            if (classArray[j] == _className) {
                lastDomArray.push(allDomArray[i]);
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    return lastDomArray;
}

23、运动函数

function animate(obj, json, callback) {
    clearInterval(obj.timer);
    var speed,
        current;
    obj.timer = setInterval(function () {
        var lock = true;
        for (var prop in json) {
            if (prop == 'opacity') {
                current = parseFloat(window.getComputedStyle(obj, null)[prop]) * 100;
            } else {
                current = parseInt(window.getComputedStyle(obj, null)[prop]);
            }
            speed = (json[prop] - current) / 7;
            speed = speed > 0 ? Math.ceil(speed) : Math.floor(speed);

            if (prop == 'opacity') {
                obj.style[prop] = (current + speed) / 100;
            } else {
                obj.style[prop] = current + speed + 'px';
            }
            if (current != json[prop]) {
                lock = false;
            }
        }
        if (lock) {
            clearInterval(obj.timer);
            typeof callback == 'function' ? callback() : '';
        }
    }, 30)
}

24、弹性运动

function ElasticMovement(obj, target) {
    clearInterval(obj.timer);
    var iSpeed = 40,
        a, u = 0.8;
    obj.timer = setInterval(function () {
        a = (target - obj.offsetLeft) / 8;
        iSpeed = iSpeed + a;
        iSpeed = iSpeed * u;
        if (Math.abs(iSpeed) <= 1 && Math.abs(a) <= 1) {
            console.log('over')
            clearInterval(obj.timer);
            obj.style.left = target + 'px';
        } else {
            obj.style.left = obj.offsetLeft + iSpeed + 'px';
        }
    }, 30);
}

25、封装自己的forEach方法

Array.prototype.myForEach = function (func, obj) {
    var len = this.length;
    var _this = arguments[1] ? arguments[1] : window;
    // var _this=arguments[1]||window;
    for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        func.call(_this, this[i], i, this)
    }
}

26、封装自己的filter方法

Array.prototype.myFilter = function (func, obj) {
    var len = this.length;
    var arr = [];
    var _this = arguments[1] || window;
    for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        func.call(_this, this[i], i, this) && arr.push(this[i]);
    }
    return arr;
}

27、数组map方法

Array.prototype.myMap = function (func) {
    var arr = [];
    var len = this.length;
    var _this = arguments[1] || window;
    for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        arr.push(func.call(_this, this[i], i, this));
    }
    return arr;
}

28、数组every方法

Array.prototype.myEvery = function (func) {
    var flag = true;
    var len = this.length;
    var _this = arguments[1] || window;
    for (var i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        if (func.apply(_this, [this[i], i, this]) == false) {
            flag = false;
            break;
        }
    }
    return flag;
}

29、数组reduce方法

Array.prototype.myReduce = function (func, initialValue) {
    var len = this.length,
        nextValue,
        i;
    if (!initialValue) {
        // 没有传第二个参数
        nextValue = this[0];
        i = 1;
    } else {
        // 传了第二个参数
        nextValue = initialValue;
        i = 0;
    }
    for (; i < len; i++) {
        nextValue = func(nextValue, this[i], i, this);
    }
    return nextValue;
}

30、获取url中的参数

function getWindonHref() {
    var sHref = window.location.href;
    var args = sHref.split('?');
    if (args[0] === sHref) {
        return '';
    }
    var hrefarr = args[1].split('#')[0].split('&');
    var obj = {};
    for (var i = 0; i < hrefarr.length; i++) {
        hrefarr[i] = hrefarr[i].split('=');
        obj[hrefarr[i][0]] = hrefarr[i][1];
    }
    return obj;
}

31、数组排序

// 快排 [left] + min + [right]
function quickArr(arr) {
    if (arr.length <= 1) {
        return arr;
    }
    var left = [],
        right = [];
    var pIndex = Math.floor(arr.length / 2);
    var p = arr.splice(pIndex, 1)[0];
    for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
        if (arr[i] <= p) {
            left.push(arr[i]);
        } else {
            right.push(arr[i]);
        }
    }
    // 递归
    return quickArr(left).concat([p], quickArr(right));
}

// 冒泡
function bubbleSort(arr) {
    for (var i = 0; i < arr.length - 1; i++) {
        for (var j = i + 1; j < arr.length; j++) {
            if (arr[i] > arr[j]) {
                var temp = arr[i];
                arr[i] = arr[j];
                arr[j] = temp;
            }
        }
    }
    return arr;
}

function bubbleSort(arr) {
    var len = arr.length;
    for (var i = 0; i < len - 1; i++) {
        for (var j = 0; j < len - 1 - i; j++) {
            if (arr[j] > arr[j + 1]) {
                var temp = arr[j];
                arr[j] = arr[j + 1];
                arr[j + 1] = temp;
            }
        }
    }
    return arr;
}

32、遍历Dom叔

// 给定页面上的DOM元素,将访问元素本身及其所有后代(不仅仅是它的直接子元素)
// 对于每个访问的元素,函数讲元素传递给提供的回调函数
function traverse(element, callback) {
    callback(element);
    var list = element.children;
    for (var i = 0; i < list.length; i++) {
        traverse(list[i], callback);
    }
}

33、原生js封装ajax

function ajax(method, url, callback, data, flag) {
    var xhr;
    flag = flag || true;
    method = method.toUpperCase();
    if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
        xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    } else {
        xhr = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHttp');
    }
    xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {
        if (xhr.readyState == 4 && xhr.status == 200) {
            console.log(2)
            callback(xhr.responseText);
        }
    }

    if (method == 'GET') {
        var date = new Date(),
        timer = date.getTime();
        xhr.open('GET', url + '?' + data + '&timer' + timer, flag);
        xhr.send()
        } else if (method == 'POST') {
        xhr.open('POST', url, flag);
        xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded');
        xhr.send(data);
    }
}

34、异步加载script

function loadScript(url, callback) {
    var oscript = document.createElement('script');
    if (oscript.readyState) { // ie8及以下版本
        oscript.onreadystatechange = function () {
            if (oscript.readyState === 'complete' || oscript.readyState === 'loaded') {
                callback();
            }
        }
    } else {
        oscript.onload = function () {
            callback()
        };
    }
    oscript.src = url;
    document.body.appendChild(oscript);
}

35、cookie管理

var cookie = {
    set: function (name, value, time) {
        document.cookie = name + '=' + value + '; max-age=' + time;
        return this;
    },
    remove: function (name) {
        return this.setCookie(name, '', -1);
    },
    get: function (name, callback) {
        var allCookieArr = document.cookie.split('; ');
        for (var i = 0; i < allCookieArr.length; i++) {
            var itemCookieArr = allCookieArr[i].split('=');
            if (itemCookieArr[0] === name) {
                return itemCookieArr[1]
            }
        }
        return undefined;
    }
}

36、实现bind()方法

Function.prototype.myBind = function (target) {
    var target = target || window;
    var _args1 = [].slice.call(arguments, 1);
    var self = this;
    var temp = function () {};
    var F = function () {
        var _args2 = [].slice.call(arguments, 0);
        var parasArr = _args1.concat(_args2);
        return self.apply(this instanceof temp ? this : target, parasArr)
    }
    temp.prototype = self.prototype;
    F.prototype = new temp();
    return F;
}

37、实现call()方法

Function.prototype.myCall = function () {
    var ctx = arguments[0] || window;
    ctx.fn = this;
    var args = [];
    for (var i = 1; i < arguments.length; i++) {
        args.push(arguments[i])
    }
    var result = ctx.fn(...args);
    delete ctx.fn;
    return result;
}

38、实现apply()方法

Function.prototype.myApply = function () {
    var ctx = arguments[0] || window;
    ctx.fn = this;
    if (!arguments[1]) {
        var result = ctx.fn();
        delete ctx.fn;
        return result;
    }
    var result = ctx.fn(...arguments[1]);
    delete ctx.fn;
    return result;
}

39、防抖

function debounce(handle, delay) {
    var timer = null;
    return function () {
        var _self = this,
            _args = arguments;
        clearTimeout(timer);
        timer = setTimeout(function () {
            handle.apply(_self, _args)
        }, delay)
    }
}

40、节流

function throttle(handler, wait) {
    var lastTime = 0;
    return function (e) {
        var nowTime = new Date().getTime();
        if (nowTime - lastTime > wait) {
            handler.apply(this, arguments);
            lastTime = nowTime;
        }
    }
}

41、requestAnimFrame兼容性方法

window.requestAnimFrame = (function () {
    return window.requestAnimationFrame ||
        window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame ||
        window.mozRequestAnimationFrame ||
        function (callback) {
            window.setTimeout(callback, 1000 / 60);
        };
})();

42、cancelAnimFrame兼容方法

window.cancelAnimFrame = (function () {
    return window.cancelAnimationFrame ||
        window.webkitCancelAnimationFrame ||
        window.mozCancelAnimationFrame ||
        function (id) {
            window.clearTimeout(id);
        };
})();

43、jsonp底层方法

function jsonp(url, callback) {
    var oscript = document.createElement('script');
    if (oscript.readyState) { // ie8及以下版本
        oscript.onreadystatechange = function () {
            if (oscript.readyState === 'complete' || oscript.readyState === 'loaded') {
                callback();
            }
        }
    } else {
        oscript.onload = function () {
            callback()
        };
    }
    oscript.src = url;
    document.body.appendChild(oscript);
}

44、获取url上的参数

function getUrlParam(sUrl, sKey) {
    var result = {};
    sUrl.replace(/(w+)=(w+)(?=[&|#])/g, function (ele, key, val) {
        if (!result[key]) {
            result[key] = val;
        } else {
            var temp = result[key];
            result[key] = [].concat(temp, val);
        }
    })
    if (!sKey) {
        return result;
    } else {
        return result[sKey] || '';
    }
}

45、格式化时间

function formatDate(t, str) {
    var obj = {
        yyyy: t.getFullYear(),
        yy: ("" + t.getFullYear()).slice(-2),
        M: t.getMonth() + 1,
        MM: ("0" + (t.getMonth() + 1)).slice(-2),
        d: t.getDate(),
        dd: ("0" + t.getDate()).slice(-2),
        H: t.getHours(),
        HH: ("0" + t.getHours()).slice(-2),
        h: t.getHours() % 12,
        hh: ("0" + t.getHours() % 12).slice(-2),
        m: t.getMinutes(),
        mm: ("0" + t.getMinutes()).slice(-2),
        s: t.getSeconds(),
        ss: ("0" + t.getSeconds()).slice(-2),
        w: ['日', '一', '二', '三', '四', '五', '六'][t.getDay()]
    };
    return str.replace(/([a-z]+)/ig, function ($1) {
        return obj[$1]
    });
}

46、验证邮箱的正则表达式

function isAvailableEmail(sEmail) {
    var reg = /^([w+.])[email protected]+([.]w+)+$/
    return reg.test(sEmail)
}

47、函数柯里化

//是把接受多个参数的函数变换成接受一个单一参数(最初函数的第一个参数)的函数,并且返回接受余下的参数且返回结果的新函数的技术

function curryIt(fn) {
    var length = fn.length,
        args = [];
    var result = function (arg) {
        args.push(arg);
        length--;
        if (length <= 0) {
            return fn.apply(this, args);
        } else {
            return result;
        }
    }
    return result;
}

48、大数相加

function sumBigNumber(a, b) {
    var res = '', //结果
        temp = 0; //按位加的结果及进位
    a = a.split('');
    b = b.split('');
    while (a.length || b.length || temp) {
        //~~按位非 1.类型转换,转换成数字 2.~~undefined==0 
        temp += ~~a.pop() + ~~b.pop();
        res = (temp % 10) + res;
        temp = temp > 9;
    }
    return res.replace(/^0+/, '');
}

49、单例模式

function getSingle(func) {
    var result;
    return function () {
        if (!result) {
            result = new func(arguments);
        }
        return result;
    }
}

以上内容来自:https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/NrpCALLq9_erbHBNbLLpsA

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