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Introduction of Linux main distribution system versions

[db:作者]

1月 6, 2022

As shown in the figure below :

The Red Hat Family

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) Leading, including CentOS、Fedora and Oracle Linux The inner family .

Fedora And RHEL Closely related to , It contains more software than Red Hat Enterprise Edition . One reason is to build Fedora It involves a diverse community , Many of them are not for Red Hat Contributors to the work . Besides , It’s also used for the future RHEL Version of the test platform .

CentOS Often used in activities 、 Demonstrations and labs , Because it’s free to end users , And the release cycle is longer than Fedora( A new version is released every six months or so ) It’s much longer .

CentOS The basic version of is also almost the same as the most popular Linux Distribution version RHEL identical .

About Red Hat Some of the key points of the distribution series

  • Fedora As RHEL The upstream test platform of .
  • CentOS yes RHEL An approximate clone of , and Oracle Linux Mainly copies with some changes ( actually ,CentOS since 2014 It has been Red Hat Part of ).
  • RHEL/CentOS 7 Use a lot of patches 3.10 Version kernel , and RHEL/CentOS 8 Used 4.18 edition .
  • It supports Intel x86、Arm、Itanium、PowerPC and IBM System z And so on .
  • It is based on yum and dnf RPM Of yum Package manager ( I’ll tell you more later ) To install 、 Update and delete packages in the system .
  • RHEL It is widely used by enterprises with their own systems .

The SUSE Family

SUSE (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) ) and openSUSE The relationship between them is similar to RHEL、CentOS and Fedora The relationship described between .

We use openSUSE As SUSE The reference release of the series , Because it’s free for end users . Because the two products are very similar , So it covers openSUSE The material of can be applied to without problem SLES.

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) yes openSUSE Upstream .

Kernel version 4.12 be used for openSUSE Leap 15.

It is based on RPM Of zypper Package manager ( We’ll talk more about ) To install 、 Update and delete packages in the system .

It includes… For system management purposes YaST(Yet Another Setup Tool) Applications .

SLES Widely used in retail and many other areas .

The Debian Family

Debian The distribution is upstream of several other distributions , Include Ubuntu. In turn, ,Ubuntu yes Linux Mint And many other distributions upstream . It’s usually used for servers and desktop computers . Debian It’s a pure open source community project ( Not owned by any company ) And a lot of stability .

Debian For any Linux Users of the distribution provide the largest and most complete software repository to date .

Ubuntu Designed to provide a good trade-off between long-term stability and ease of use . because Ubuntu Most of our software packages come from Debian The stable branch of , So it also has access to a very large software repository .

Debian The series is Ubuntu Upstream , and Ubuntu yes Linux Mint And upstream of other products . Kernel version 4.15 be used for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
It is based on DPKG Of APT Package manager ( Use apt、apt-get、apt-cache etc. ) To install 、 Update and delete packages in the system .Ubuntu Has been widely used in cloud deployment .
although Ubuntu Builds on the Debian Above and at the bottom based on GNOME, But it’s visually different from the standard Debian And the interface on other distributions is different .

more Jerry The original article of , All in :” Wang Zixi “:

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